What were the concentration and death camps?
Concentration camps were initially meant for political prisoners and anyone who opposed the Nazi Party but soon grew to include Jews and other minority groups.
Concentration camps were first created in Germany and later existed all across Nazi-occupied Europe. The purpose of the concentration camp was to segregate prisoners from German society and use them for forced labor.
Death camps, all located in Nazi-occupied Poland, were specifically created for killing. There were six designated killing camps: Treblinka, Majdanek, Chelmno, Belzec, Sobibor, and Auschwitz-Birkenau. Gas chambers with lethal gas were used to kill thousands of Jews at once. By 1943, Auschwitz-Birkenau consistently killed 12,500 people per day.
Photo: A view of the Majdanek concentration camp after liberation. After July 24, 1944, Majdanek, [Lublin], Nazi-occupied Poland. Photo credit: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Unknown Russian archive.